This study focuses on the canons of the nine secular cathedrals in England in the later middle ages, who were amongst the most able and successful clerics of their age. After considering the functions of the cathedrals which provided them with a comfortable income and considerable status, Dr Lepine turns to the canons themselves, tracing their origins and analysing their careers. He examines the canons' residence at their cathedrals, establishing how many were resident in the close and how much time they spent there. The study concludes by presenting two case studies to show the vigour and diversity of capitular life in the later middle ages: Salisbury between 1398 and 1458 (its so-called golden age) and Lichfield from 1490 to 1540, on the eve of the Reformation. Dr DAVID LEPINE teaches history at Dartford Grammar School.
The downside to the digital revolution is that it has thrown up new technical challenges that both experienced shooters and novices need to master: not only white balance, memory and digital formats, but also unfamiliar features such as predictive autofocus, multi-pattern metering and programmed exposure. Many photographers find themselves baffled by the plethora of options they now face when shooting, and retreat to their cameras default settings and pre-sets; but this not only compromises your results, it also takes all the fun out of successfully composing and capturing the perfect shot. Now, for the first time, expert advice on practical and aesthetic questions is available in the kind of book which anyone can pack with their camera, without worrying about size, weight or cost. Are you still baffled by your cameras shooting modes? Do you find that your pictures are poorly exposed? Do you aspire to shoot beautiful black and white images? All the expert advice you need, on the questions you want answered, is now accessible portable, practical and affordable: "The Camera Bag Companions".
There is no recognized corpus of binding law globally applicable to all Churches in the Anglican Communion. Ostensibly, each Church is autonomous, free to make rules to facilitate and to order its internal life. This book, which is global in scope and will be of interest throughout the world, makes available for the first time a comparative study of the Constitutions, Canons, and other forms of law of Churches in the worldwide Anglican Communion. Does analysis draws out the similarities and differences between them and, from the coincidence of actual laws and from global ecclesiastical conventions enunciated by the Lambeth Conference, he elucidates the global principles of Anglican canon law that may apply to all Churches in the Communion. The subjects examined include: government; ministry; doctrine and liturgy; rites; property; inter-church relations; and ecumenism. Does thorough and practical analysis of a hitherto under-explored subject is placed squarely within its jurisprudential and theological context, and will be welcomed by both practitioners and scholars. For those within the Anglican Communion, his book offers a wealth of information enabling individual Churches to see how fellow Churches are organized. For those without, the book provides a valuable insight into Anglican government and law.
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